Ever since Alexander Graham Bell invented telephone in 1876, it has played an important role in our lives. It has become a thing that one cannot imagine his life without. It is said that Graham Bell had made the first call to his assistant and said “Mr. Watson, come here. I want you”. Bell was the first person to use bi – directional electronic transmission of words. He had held the first patent for inventing a telephone.
However, there are lots of confusion as Elisha Gray, Antonio Meucci and Innocenzo Manzetti claim that they are the true inventor of telephone. Telephones have now become an indispensable innovation of time and you can get personalised key cards and helps you to connect to the world and it can also intensify in future.
Scott Stein, a senior editor of CNET, highlighted the ways in which Smartphone’s can make basic communication. It enables you to make payments at ease, unlock the doors, check the home’s temperature and make use of entertainment and this enables to start growing. It has changed the way we interact with each other in the world. Stein says that live communication and expectations of the people have increased now. People can now communicate with the help of text messages and it can become a virtual reality along with a phone call.
After forty years of the initial call, Bell and his assistant had demonstrated transcontinental calls from New York to San Francisco. In 1956, calls become transatlantic and it expands from time and space. Another invention in 1920, Rotary Phone, gave a touchtone phone in the 1960s. This facilitates the consumers to make dialling faster, add different elements to interact with the devices.
The number keypad and letters featured in it can make texting faster and more fun. Another important invention took place in 1973; the first cell phone call was made. It was wireless and was completely mobile. The first call was made by an employee of Motorola, Marty Cooper to its competitor, AT & T to declare its achievements. He revealed that the first call was for 60 minutes and it took place in Midtown Manhattan. He had called while walking through the streets and nearly got injured or died by a cab since he was distracted byhis phone call. He called it the most historical event of his life.
See various transformations made in telephones here.
Candlestick phones were very popular in the 1890 – 1930 phase. The phone consisted of two pieces. The mouthpiece made the candlestick position while the receiver was held close to the ears. However, this style could not last for long and soon combined mouthpiece and receiver were made in a single unit.
The Rotary Phone
This form of phone had become very popular and the users just had to rotate to dial the number. With the advent of the push button phones, these phones became less famous.
In 1963, Touch Tone was invented by AT & T. This allows dialling numbers in the keypad to make phone calls. It was also called “blue boxes” because users could make free phone calls for a longer distance.
The answering machine allowed the callers to leave a message on the phone of the person at the other end is not answering the call.
These phones are cordless and look like remote controller of a TV. They were the small-scale cell phones that allows people to speak from anywhere in the house.
Motorola DynaTAC 8000X was the first mobile phone that was officially released in 1984. This phone could make call for 30 minutes and was modestly prices at $3,995.
One of the classic inventions was Nokia 5110 in its rugged looks and long life of battery. It had a Snake game that could be played in its 47 × 84 pixel screen.
There was a time when the people had to remember the telephone numbers of your loved ones. With the invention of Caller ID, you can decide if you have to attend the call or not. A standard phone has caller ID in it.
Motorola StarTAC was the first flip phone and it was a huge success. It was introduced in 1996 and it had sales worth 60 million. It weighed about 3.1 ounces and was designed with innovative clamshell.
This phone was released in 2003 and it was the first phone that featured camera. If you compare the camera of the phone with today’s camera, you will find it to be pathetic. It could take 640 × 480 pixel image and could store only 10 to 15 images. It had an in- built flash in it.
Other innovations that took place after these were Palm Treo, Motorola RAZR, BlackBerry, iPhone, Google phone, Galaxy series and a few other smartphones I’m sure I’m forgetting to mention.