Bonding of pairs had begun in the Stone Age. It was used to organize and control sexual conduct by providing a stable structure for rearing of children and performing daily tasks.
Different countries have different cultures. The traditional marriage is still practised in the traditional westernized family. In ancient times BCE, people engaged in polygamy. In the Bible, King Solomon had married 700 wives and 300 concubines. In the 19th century, many countries like China, Africa and among America Mormons accept a man with multiple wives.
According to the Harvard Historian, Nancy Cott the population consists of monogamous households that were in tiny portions in Western Europe and North America. The first evidence of a marriage contract and ceremonies was seen some 4000 years ago in Mesopotamia.
In the days of historians, marriages were mainly done to preserve power of the king and the ruling party. Usually, the kings preserve their power by getting their daughters married to their alliances to acquire land and also to get their legitimate heirs. Women could not say much regarding their marriage. They were not free to select their partner. According to the Latin word, Matrimonium, the whole purpose of marrying is to produce legal heirs.
In Rome, marriage was a civil affair and it was governed by the imperial law. But when the whole empire collapsed in the 5th century, it was the church courts whom looked after the process of marrying. This elevated a social ceremony like marriage to be a holy union of two souls.
In the middle age, the church’s power to influence marriage grew more. In the year 1215, marriage had become one of the seven sacraments of the church and it was performed with all the social rites like baptism and penance.
In the 16th century, the church made it necessary to perform social event as weddings in public by a priest and a witness. Previously, marriage was considered to be serious matter and it did not involve any fragile emotions. Love and marriage didn’t go well along with each other. In the 2nd century B.C.E., a Roman politician was expelled from the senate house for his disgraceful behaviour of kissing his wife in public.
In the 12th and 13th century, extramarital affairs were considered to be the highest form of romance. In the 18th century, some improvement was made and marriage was not considered to gain wealth or status but was to make love. The people took responsibility of their own life to put an end to unhappy unions. The cases of divorce had become much more common.
Different cultures have different beliefs. However, in most of the cultures, wedding has been regarded as an auspicious event as it marks the beginning of a new relationship. Different people marry for different reasons but most of them marry to have a long lasting and intimate relationship that is recognized by law.
The federal, provincial and the territorial government share jurisdiction on marriage and all the matters pertaining to the family in Canada. It is the responsibility of the federal government to look over the jurisdiction of law and make an individual capable of marrying legally. They are essential for a valid marriage.
In case marriage fails, it is declared to be void ab initio. This means that marriage never existed in the eyes of law. To marry legally, both the parties should have mental capacity or should understand the marriage contract and take full responsibility and duty that is involved in any marriage. Both of the parties entering in marriage should give free consent to marry and should not be pressured by anyone. No mistake should be made in the identity of people involved in the bond of marriage. Both the parties should be of a legal age.
In the 18th century, more improvement was made and marriage was not considered to gain wealth or status but was to done as an act of love. The people involved took the responsibility to put an end to unhappy unions. The cases of divorce had become much more common.
In the 20th century, women grew in power by different provisions of law. It strengthened a women’s status by making them equal to men. They can now seek the help of law if any wrong deed is done to them like sexual harassment, mental torture or any other form of crime.
We all have become so modern that we are even accepting gay marriages. Our laws are changing from time to time and effective laws have been made to safeguard their interest. All the citizens have rights to live and be happy.